Providing a detailed answer will require an understanding of project roles and responsibilities. You’ll have to step into the shoes of a project manager to learn what it takes to build a winning project team.
Project Team Structure
They develop a project charter to assign responsibilities to both internal and external resources for each phase of the project. The charter defines exactly how decisions are made, issues are resolved and activities are completed. Project team members are assigned responsibilities in accordance with their strengths, experience level and bandwidth.
Project managers don’t delegate all responsibilities to the project team. For example, final sign-off on future state business processes and decisions about the organization’s operational model should be driven by the executive steering committee instead of the project team.
In a perfect world, the project team would be fully dedicated to the project, but that’s not feasible for most organizations. Nonetheless, the executive steering committee helps the project team prioritize work so the project is top priority. Some organizations hire external resources to ensure project team members don’t completely neglect their day-to-day jobs.
Project managers walk a fine line between the use of internal resources and external resources. A lack of external resources can mean limited expertise. On the other hand, a lack of internal resources can mean poor project ownership and a lack of organizational alignment.
Ideal Project Team Members
Some organizations build their project team based on who they believe to be the smartest or most technically-skilled. While technical expertise and operational knowledge are important, communication skills are also valuable, especially when the project team is tasked with executing an organizational change management plan to engage and train employees.
Professors Kenneth Benne and Paul Sheats published a study, Functional Roles of Group Members, in which they identified key personality traits that contribute to strong teams. Here are five of those personality traits:
SAP vs. Oracle Case Study
SAP and Oracle both invest heavily in cloud technology. However, our client was skeptical about cloud scalability and unsure if the products were mature and proven.
The Good-Humor Man
Other Internal Resources
Executive Steering Committee
Subject Matter Experts
Your Project Team
Your project team structure mostly depends on the scope of your project. Some organizations take a bottom-up approach where they begin with technology selection, while others take a top-down approach where they begin with strategy alignment.
You can learn more about the top-down approach to transformation by watching our on-demand webinar, Pre-implementation Readiness: How to Prepare for ERP Selection.